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Gamma ray logging Wikipedia

For standard gammaray logs, the measured value of gammaray radiation is calculated from concentration of uranium in ppm, thorium in ppm, and potassium in weight percent: , GR API = 8 × uranium concentration in ppm + 4 × thorium concentration in ppm + 16 × potassium concentration …

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Endako Geophysics British Columbia

ppm unit of concentration by weight (part per million), used for eU (uranium) and eTh (thorium) % for potassium (K40): unit of concentration by weight Ur unit of radioelement concentration by weight (1 Ur is defined as the total count rate from 1 ppm uranium in equilibrium) µR/h unit of …

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Thorium Wikipedia

In the Earth''s crust, thorium is much more abundant: with an abundance of parts per million (ppm), it is one of the most abundant of the heavy elements, almost as abundant as lead (13 ppm) and more abundant than tin ( ppm).

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Effect of Thorium Additions on Metallurgical and ...

Metallurgical and mechanical properties of pct W alloys have been studied as a function of thorium concentration in the range 0 to 1000 ppm by weight. The solubility limit of thorium in pct W is below 30 ppm.

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Extraction and Determination of Thorium and its ...

Extraction and Determination of Thorium and its Application on Geologic Samples using Trioctyl Phosphine Oxide S. Y. Afifi, M. M. Mustafa*, E. M. El Sheikh and M. A. S. Gado ... contains 3 ppm thorium as chloride and the TOPO concentration was ppm. The percent

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Different Types of Logging

GR API = 8 × Uranium concentration in ppm + 4 × thorium concentration in ppm + potassium concentration in percent. Due to the weight of uranium concentration in the calculation anomalous concentrations of uranium can cause clean sand reservoirs to appear shaley. Spectral Gamma ray is used to provide an individual reading for each element so ...

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Crain''s Petrophysical Handbook Natural Gamma Ray And ...

Log scales may vary but uranium and thorium are usually scale in parts per million (ppm) and potassium in percent. Curve names may also vary but POTA, URAN, and THOR are common. Although total gamma ray is also presented on the log in API units, it is sometimes useful to recalculate the total GR from the elemental GR breakdown:

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Determination of radionuclides and elemental composition ...

Feb 28, 2013· Determination of radionuclides and elemental composition of clay soils by gamma and Xray spectrometry. ... (ppm) concentration obtained in this study is greater than values obtained in Albenia, ... A U is the mass concentration of uranium in ppm and A Th is the mass concentration of thorium in ppm.

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Terrestrial Radioactivity and Gammaray Exposure in the ...

where K is the concentration of potassium in units of percent K, eU is the concentration of uranium in ppm, eTh is the concentration of thorium in ppm, and …

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IronRich: Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM ...

IronRich: Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM) Analysis Sample IR1 dry IR2 asis IR3 dry IR4 asis IR5 dry IR6 asis IR7 dry IR8 ... Analysis of the specific isotope in the thorium or uranium natural decay series. ... In the case of low ppm mass concentration levels of Th232 and U238, the corresponding ...

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Uranium and thorium isotopic and concentration ...

Uranium and thorium isotopic and concentration measurements by magnetic sector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry ... for measuring the isotopic composition and concentration of uranium and thorium, ... HoukReduction of space charge effects in inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry using a supplemental electron source inside ...

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Uranium Fact Sheet Health Physics Society

The mass concentration of uranium in soil varies widely, but is typically about 3 parts per million (ppm), or becquerels per gram (Bq g1).A becquerel is a very small amount of radioactivity equal to one decay per second.

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How to Convert Mg/m3 to Ppm | Sciencing

Divide the value of the last calculation by the gram molecular weight that you earlier calculated for your chemical. The result of this final calculation is the concentration in air of that chemical in units of parts per million (ppm). For acetone, the calculation would be / = ppm.

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Thorium and uranium isotopes in seawater and sediments ...

The procedure used for determining the laboratory chemical efficiency for the extraction of thorium is discussed below. The uranium isotopic ratios were obtained by alpha spectroscopy [4] from THORIUM AND URANIUM ISOTOPES IN SEAWATER AND SEDIMENTS 103 isolates of this first portion and the data are presented in table 1.

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Development of Sensitive Voltammetric Method for ...

Thorium concentration(ppm) DPP Recovery (%) UV – Vis 1 () 2 () 3 () Average Recovery n = number of determinations = 3, Values shown in parentheses are thorium concentration in ppm. Conclusion From the present work it was concluded that in presence of Zn

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URANIUM, THORIUM, AND POTASSIUM IN SOILS ALONG …

URANIUM, THORIUM, AND POTASSIUM IN SOILS ALONG THE SHORE OF LAKE ISSYKKYOL IN THE KYRGHYZ REPUBLIC ... naturally occurring uranium, thorium, and potassium are present in these soils in elevated ... locations 87, 90, 95, and 96, the concentration of uranium is 10 ± 5 ppm, a factor of about three greater. An analysis of concentrations of ...

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5. POTENTIAL FOR HUMAN EXPOSURE OVERVIEW

5. POTENTIAL FOR HUMAN EXPOSURE Soil Thorium occurs naturally in the earth''s crust at an average lithospheric concentration of 812 µg/g (ppm). The typical concentration range of naturallyoccurring thorium in soil is 212 µg/g, with an average value of 6 µg/g (Harmsen and De Haan 1980). Manmade sources of thorium

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(PDF) Thorium: Issues and prospects in Malaysia

Thorium: Issues and prospects in Malaysia. Wadeeah M. ALAreqi, Amran Ab. Majid, Sukiman Sarmani, ... Thi s residue with 360 000 ppm thorium concentration was disposed at a safe .

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PSRD: Gamma Rays, Meteorites, Lunar Samples, and the ...

The graph above shows thorium (Th) concentration (in parts per million, ppm) at the Apollo landing sites versus Th concentration as reported by the Lunar Prospector team. Feldsparrich lunar meteorites are also used. The line is the best fit to the data and is used to correct the Prospector gamma ray data.

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Thorium segregation to grain boundaries in Ir + 0. 3% W ...

Metallurgical and mechanical properties of pct W alloys have been studied as a function of thorium concentration in the range 0 to 1000 ppm by weight. The solubility limit of thorium in pct W is below 30 ppm.

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UK DM project: radioactivity test results hep

UK DM project: radioactivity test results: UKDMC Intranet: Useful numbers and relationships . ... they can be used to place approximate upper limits on U or Th concentration or on 210 Pb activity. ... 1 Bq kg1 of 40 K ® ppm K; ...

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Radiation damage and uranium concentration in zircon as ...

of uranium and thorium in natural zircon grains fall between 5–4000 ppm for uranium and 2–2000 ppm for thorium (Speer 1980). Typical natural detrital zircon grains have a mean uranium concentration of ~419 ppm, a mode of ~140 ppm, and an average Th/U ratio of (Garver and Kamp 2002). Radiation damage in zircon accumulates in the crystal

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Evaluation of Uranium Concentration in Soil Samples of ...

The average uranium concentration of 236 soil samples using ICPMass (inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry) was found to be 109 parts per million (ppm). Results analysis revealed a wide range of 1066 ppm for uranium concentration, and a median of 41 ppm uranium.

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Occurrence of thorium Wikipedia

Thorium is found in small amounts in most rocks and commonly contains an average of around 6 parts per million (ppm) of thorium. Thorium occurs in several minerals including thorite (ThSiO 4), thorianite (ThO 2 + UO 2) and is a rare mineral and may contain up to about 12% thorium …

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RATE''s Ratty Results: Helium Diffusion Doesn''t Support ...

Table B2 shows the current maximum and minimum uranium and thorium concentrations for each zircon from the Precambrian gneiss at a depth of 960 meters (sample 1). Partspermillion (ppm) values are the same as micrograms/gram.

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Assessing the impact of rock phosphate storage on uranium ...

From Table 1, area 1 exhibited the highest concentrations in uranium and thorium with an arithmetic mean value (mean ) of ppm and ppm respectively. As can be seen from Figure 3, columns 2 and 3, the highest concentration of 238U, 232Th and 40K were measured in soil samples collected from area 1 and 2.

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OneFluid MSBR Chemical Processing – Energy From Thorium

The final thorium concentration in the LiBi solution was below 5 ppm, making the ratio of rare earths to thorium in the LiBi greater than 10 5 times the initial concentration ratio in the fuel salt and thus demonstrating the selective removal of rare earths from a fluoride salt containing thorium.

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Effect of Thorium Additions on Metallurgical and ...

Metallurgical and mechanical properties of pct W alloys have been studied as a function of thorium concentration in the range 0 to 1000 ppm by weight. The solubility limit of thorium in pct W is below 30 ppm. Above this limit, the excess thorium reacts with …

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